Concept Of Organizational Management

What is the concept of Organizational Management?
Organizational Management is based on the concept that each element of the organization constitutes a unique object with individual attributes.

What is purpose of Organizational Management?
OM forms the base for personal planning and development and allows us to analyze and adjust an organisational plan as well as structure data.

Why do we need an organizational management?
a. To create a complete model of the organizational and reporting structures of an enterprise for a specific period.
b. To obtain an overview of the current status of an organizational and reporting structures at any time using a number of methods.
c. Plan and simulate future scenarios using Organizational Management
d. It provides a basis for other HR components, as well as cross application components

What is an organizational Plan?
Organizational plan is the comprehensive and dynamic model of the structural and personnel environment in an enterprise, which can be evaluated at any time.

How do you create organisational plan?
Organizational plans are defined in organizational management.  This can be done in organisational and staffing or the Expert mode.

What are the steps for creating an organisational Plan?
a. Create root organizational units
b. Create sub-ordinate organizational units
c. Create jobs and positions
d. Assign tasks and Cost center
e. Assign persons
f. Add other attributes

What is the use of organizational Plan?
It gives a flexible basis for personnel planning, previewing and reporting.

What is the basis for creating an organisational plan?
Organizational Structure 

How many structures does an organizational plan have?
1.  Organizational structure   
2.  Reporting Structure
a. Organizational Structure
It depicts the assignment of the organizational units to one another.  We create an organizational structure by creating and maintaining organizational units, which we then relate to each other. It is based on
a. Tasks and functions of the company
b. Financial or geographical
c. Reporting
b. Reporting Structure
If the actual reporting structure of an enterprise differs from the organizational structure, and the relationships between positions are one-dimensional and hierarchical, you can depict them in a reporting structure.

List the interfaces with which you can maintain your organizational plan in Organisational Management.
The Organizational Management component includes various user group-specific modes and views with which to edit organizational plans:
The Organization and Staffing view provides an intuitive interface for creating and editing organizational plans.
The General Structures view allows you to edit organizational plans with any structure including object types which you have defined yourself (teams, for example).
The Matrix view is for creating and editing matrix structures.
Infotype Maintenance allows you to edit the characteristics of various objects and their relationships via info-types.
Structural Graphics enables you to view objects and structures, and perform a variety of maintenance activities for the objects in graphical format.
Simple Maintenance provides an overview of object and structure editing.

How do you create staff assignments?
By creating positions based on the jobs, assigning them to an organizational unit and allocating them a position holder.

What is an organigram?
It is the name for a reporting structure or matrix management structure associated with an organizational plan to represent the chain of command or authority structure.


Also See
SAP Organizational Management Q and A

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