|Implementing SAP package can be a traumatic affair for
both the customer and the vendor. Get it wrong and the vendor
may get paid late or have to resort to lawyers to get paid and tarnish
their reputation. For the company the new package may not work
the way they expected, be late or cost a more than budgeted for and take
management will take their eye off running their business.
Recently a client asked me what I would consider to be the five most important things one should consider before embarking on an implementation. This isn't a simple question, although there are many factors to think about after some consideration for me the top five are way ahead of the others.
My top five factors to consider as SAP implementation success factors would be:
1. Set up a Project Board,
Taking the SAP implementation success factors, each one in turn :
The Project Board
The correct set up and operation of the Project Board in my view is major factor in the success failure of the project. The Project Board will consist of the stake holders, key users and the vendor. The Project Board is part of the governance of the project. The Project Board will meet regularly to ensure that the project plans are created and being executed as planned, moves from stage to stage with all the deliverables being signed off is researched properly.
Three types of resources are absolutely necessary -- end users, change team and technicians.
Early involvement by the end users is absolutely necessary, as they will be the ones living with the system for hopefully many years to come. They will want to feel involved in its implementation. Buy in from the end users of the system is absolutely essential if the system is to have a long and stable life in any organisation.
The Change Team will identify the gaps between the package and the business requirements, re-engineer some of the businesses process to cope with the package, train the users to ensure implementations is smooth as possible into the business.
The Technical Team will prepare the systems environment for the package, apply any software fixes from the vendor, implement the software in the best way possible for the organisation set up and tune the software for the particular technical environment.
A through gap analysis will identify the gaps between how the business operates ad its needs against what the package can can't do. For each gap there will be one of three outcomes which must be recorded and actioned, GAP must be closed and customised software can be developed close the gap, GAP must be closed but software cannot be written therefore a workaround is required, GAP does not need to be closed.
In simple terms: Gap means small cracks. In SAP world.
In information technology, gap analysis is the study of the differences
between two different information systems or applications( ex; existing
system or legacy system with Client and new is SAP), often for the purpose
of determining how to get from one state to a new state. A gap is sometimes
spoken of as "the space between where we are and where we want to be."
Gap analysis is undertaken as a means of bridging that space.
Cut Over Plans
Detailed plans need to be developed for cutting over from the old system(s) to the new. Parallel runs of what will happen over the conversion period using test data, convert and watch for a period after wards to ensure nothing unexpected happens.
Well trained users will support and defend the system
on site. Unsupportive users will continually undermine the system
and eventually it will be replaced. Therefore the more effort
you put into helping the users master the system early the better.
Explain Cut over Activities/Strategies in SAP FICO as example.
Cut over Activities or Master Data Uploading Strategies Depending upon the when we are going live. As per that, you have to give the information to your core team. If you going live at the middle you have to upload the all P&L Account items and B/S Items. If you going live at the financial year start, you have to only Upload the B/S Items. Activities for Golive:
1. G/L Master Upload through BDC or LSMW (TC-Fs00
and extended one co code to another company code Fs01)
Before uploading Vendor Balances you have to take care
of WHT (TDS) Information. *--
Difference between the User Exit & Gap analysis.
Both are quiet a different and has a small relation.
User exits are standard gate ways provided by SAP to exit the standard code and we can write our own code with the help of ABAP workbench. its not new functionality which we are trying to build in sap but its slight enhancement within the same code.
Gap analysis is start point of Realization and once blue
print is finished we have to find the realization of sap system for client
requirement and there will be certain gaps when compared to system fit.
Those gaps can be closed either by re-engineering of business process to
fit with SAP or we have to use USER exits in case of small deviations or
complete enhancements with the help of ABAP to fit with the SAP system.
*-- V. Sridhar
What is roll out of SAP Project?
As per dictionary, Roll out means “Inauguration or initial exhibition of a new product”.
As per SAP specific definition, rollout is the strategy for international SAP implementation. Roll out strategy normally include the following
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